Here is Post #7 in the Series on Taliessin through Logres! Please visit the INTRODUCTION to this series first, and here is the INDEX to the other posts in the series.
Today’s post is by Jenn Raimundo.
Jennifer Raimundo has been an Inklings enthusiast for the better part of her life. After realising that there will always be more to learn about this merry band of brothers, she began her formal education in Inklings and Classical Studies through an M.A. in Language and Literature at Signum University. In addition to being a student, she serves as Institutional Planning Lead at the University. While not doing work or school, Jenn is probably traipsing around the world, drinking coffee and listening to music and learning to love God more like how He loves her.
VII. ‘Crystal in Crimson’: Gospel Paradox in ‘Taliessin’s Song of the Unicorn’
What do the crucifixion, woodland sex, classical unities, church tradition, mythical beasts, an original geography of medieval legend, and evangelistic hope have to do with each other? A Charles Williams poem, of course.
The storyline of ‘Taliessin’s Song of the Unicorn’ is quite simple, which is a mercy because nothing else about the poem is. A magnificent albeit non-communicative mythical shape (the titular unicorn) leaves his world and enters into a space where most women will be entirely chilled by his advances. But one very special sort of woman will be thrust to the heart by the unicorn’s horn and thereby become the mother to this heretofore inaudible creature’s Voice.
It’s all very poetic, granted. But what is the point?
The answer to that question merits digital reams of blog posts (another series, Sørina?), but one aspect of ‘Taliessin’s Song of the Unicorn’ draws my attention.
The poem bursts with paradox.
It opens with Broceliande’s heavenly ‘shouldering shapes’ but quickly contrasts them with Caucasia’s ‘rumours in the flesh.’ It describes the unicorn as the best beast for verse, but then asserts that the unicorn has no voice. We learn that lusty women will experience the unicorn’s horn as a ‘ghostly threat,’ but that a virgin (for according to legend a virgin alone can tame the ‘quick panting’ unicorn) who is willing to suffer will feel its ‘thrust to stun her arteries.’ And just when we find ourselves stuck in a steamy sex scene, we suddenly realise that Williams has been talking about Christ’s cross this entire time. The thrust causes this woman’s arteries to flow ‘crimson in crystal,’ the ‘twy-fount’ water and blood of Golgotha’s hill.
The paradox continues, for it is not from the unicorn that the gushing flows; it is from the woman. It is she, not the unicorn, who is pinned against the ‘dark bark’ of the ‘one giant tree’ behind her. It is her heart that is plied open by the unicorn’s longing. It is she who is nailed to the cross. And once the pinning and plying of the act of love is done, this woman is praised as translucent and virtuous, lit by her throes. She is now a mother, the Mother of the Unicorn’s Voice, and this makes her awesome in the eyes of men. Thus her sensuous experience ends in purity and praise. Her ‘intellectual nuptials’ have unclosed the gift of a new song to the world of flesh.
It’s brilliant. Through Taliessin’s voice, Williams uses a gentle chiasmus to join earth and heaven, science and myth, pain and pleasure, sensuality and chastity, life and death—at the cross.
The poem opens with a predicament: shouldering shapes in the sky of Broceliande have no voice to relate to the fleshly inhabitants of Caucasia. In Williams’s mythological geography, Broceliande is the land far to the west that is the beginning of all things, the place of creative vision and genitive idea. On the other hand, Caucasia is a region in the east that is marked by sensuality, the flesh, and a total disaffection to all things sublime. The Caucasian maid cannot respond to the unicorn. After their meeting at the dark bark, however, we find a one-to-one response to this problem. The ethereal shape reaches the body, the hands and heart, of a woman. The first divide crossed, a Song is born that tells the world of the abstract realities and mythic beauties of Broceliande. From Caucasia to Logres, the world now has a chance to hear the unicorn’s voice. A sumptuous balance comes to life at the tree, and now the whole world can hear its truth.
The woman’s personal tension, too, is resolved. At the heart of the text, Williams marries the image of a truant love-act with that of a true man setting a maiden free. This image then bleeds into the death and exaltation of the Voice’s Mother. There the cleansing crystal of Broceliande and the corporeal crimson of Caucasia course together in her veins. This woman’s relationship with the unicorn is her redemption. Before she was just a cunning maid west of Caucasia, but now she is pure and reproductive, the mother of the Voice that will sing a song of organic and divine hope to the world.
This new life all happened at the death on the tree. That is the paradox I cannot escape, and I think it is the paradox that Williams loved the most. Lovers give themselves to each other to make life. Poets give themselves to their subject to create a unified song. The unicorn’s longing at once kills and resurrects the woman to purity and fruit. Christ brings His Bride to the cross and gives her a new life to share with the world.
In ‘Taliessin’s Song of the Unicorn,’ Williams ties all these pictures together in a way that makes readers stop and think, and once they see connections, they will never forget the point. Still, the connectivity of the imagery gets tangled rather quickly. Is the poem about the sylvan scene of a spoiled maidenhead, the regeneration that happens by Christ’s transformative work on the cross, or the ‘intellectual nuptials’ between fleshly rumours and abstract science, story and mathematics? The answer is probably all of the above, and from what I’ve learned about Williams so far, he would have argued that you cannot have any one of the meanings apart from the other two. For him, forest cuckoldry, the spiritual marriage that begets the feeling intellect, and the believer’s death and resurrection with Christ are inseparable. Unfortunately, his life shows just how far he took these connections. But, under the mercy, his sins won’t stop me from remembering this paradox: you have to die to live, and the best death meets the best life at the cross. That gives us something to sing about.